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Posts Tagged ‘generics

Func<T> based Generic List Initializers

with 5 comments

A couple of weeks ago I was writing some code to initialize List<T> but my technique was very verbose and it seemed to be a distraction from what I was trying to do. Plus it seemed that every one else was writing about getting their func on.

So I looked back at some code that Nick Parker had written:

   1: public class Builder
   2: {
   3:     public static TType Create<TType>(Action<TType> actionOnTType) where TType : new()
   4:     {
   5:         var item = new TType();
   6:         actionOnTType(item);
   7:         return item;
   8:     }
   9: }

And tweaked it to initialize a list:

   1: public class Builder
   2: {
   3:     public static List<TType> CreateList<TType>(long size, Func<TType> initExpression)
   4:     {
   5:         var items = new List<TType>();
   6:         for (long i = 0; i < size; i++)
   7:         {
   8:             TType item = initExpression();
   9:             items.Add(item);
  10:         }
  11:
  12:         return items;
  13:     }
  14: }

Now I can initialize a list like this:

   1: List<Door> doors = Builder.CreateList(100, () => new Door {IsOpen = false});

Just for the record the Func initialization above could handle much more complex scenarios if needed. My usage is very simple.

Another variation on this is to create an extension method that does the same initialization like this:

   1: public static void Init<TType>(this IList<TType> values, int size, Func<TType> initExpression)
   2: {
   3:     for (int i = 0; i < size; i++)
   4:     {
   5:         TType item = initExpression();
   6:         values.Add(item);
   7:     }
   8: }

And here is how you would use the extension method version:

   1: var doors = new List<Door>();
   2: doors.Init(10, () => new Door());

Thanks to Nick Parker for some suggestions as I was working on this.

Something I would like to figure out is how to do this based on IEnumerable instead of IList. If you have ideas regarding implementing this on IEnumerable please add them as comments.

Also, if you want to see where I was using this, pull down the subversion source here: http://subversion.assembla.com/svn/solon-tools/trunk/Puzzles

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Written by Chris Sutton

December 6, 2008 at 1:19 pm

Posted in Learning, Technology

Tagged with , ,